- About 2500 years ago, some Janapadas became more important than others and came to be known as Mahanjanapadas.
- According to the Buddhist text Anguttara Nihaya, there was 16 Mahajanapadas.
Magadh Girivraja or Rajgriha
Malla Kushinagar (Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh) and Pava
Chedi Sotthivati (Suktimati; probably located in the Banda district of UP)
Kuru Hastinapur, Indraprastha and Isukara
Panchal Northern Panchal —Ahicchtra (Bareilly district of UP); Southern Panchal Kampilya
Avanti Ujjain and Mahismat