Peasant Movements (1857-1947)

Mappila Revolt

  •  Mappila Revolt refers to a series of riots by the Mappila Muslims of Malabar, South India in the 19th century against Hindi landlords and the state.

Indigo Revolt

  •  The revolt was led by Digambar and Bishnucharan Biswas (1859-60) of Nadia District of Bengal against terms imposed by the European Indigo commission that was set up in 1860 to view the situation.

Deccan Peasants Uprising

  •  It was an uprising by the Maratha Peasants of Puna, Ahmednagar, Solapur and Satara against corrupt practices of Gujarati and Marwari moneylenders. Finally government passed Agriculturist Relief Act of 1879.

Pabna Agrarian Uprising

  •  The uprising was led by Ishan Chandra Roy, Shambhu Pal and Khoodi Mollah and was supported by B.C. Chatterjee and R.C. Dutt (1873) in Pabna district. It was against the policies of Zamindars to deprive the ryots of their occupancy rights. Finally, the Bengal Tenancy Act of 1885 was passed by British government.

Bardoli Satyagraha

  •  It was led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in Surat district of Gujarat against oppression by upper castes and hike in revenue by 22 per cent by the Bombay government. The revenue was brought down to 6.03 percent.

Eka Movement (1921)

  •  This was a movement mainly by Pasi and Ahir castes of Hardoi, Barabanki and Sitapur districts of Uttar Paradesh against the hike in rent.

Kisan Sabha Movement

  •  Kisan Sabhas were organized in UP and the UP Kisan Sabha was set up in February 1918 by Gauri Shankar Mishra and Indra Narayan Dwivedi. Madan Mohan Malviya supported their efforts.
  •  In October, 1920, the Awadh Kisan Sabha came into existence.

All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS)

  •  This Sabha was founded in Lucknow in April 1936 with Swami Sahajanand Saraswati as the president and N.G. Ranga as the general secretary.
  •  The AIKS and the Congress held their session in Faizpur in 1936.